Periodontal Disease (Gum disease) and tooth decay are two different diseases. Gum disease starts to deteriorate the bone, and if deterioration is allowed to continue, “pockets” form in between the teeth and the gums. Pockets deeper than 3mm may require special treatment to remove the bacteria and plaque. Without treatment and continuous maintenance, gum disease will eventually decrease the bone levels and can lead to bone loss.
Gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is caused by the bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it.
Research between systemic diseases and periodontal diseases is ongoing. While a link is not conclusive, some studies indicate that severe gum disease may be associated with several other health conditions such as diabetes or stroke.
Warning Signs That Can Signal a Problem
• Gums that bleed easily
• Red, swollen, tender gums
• Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
• Persistent bad breath or bad taste
• Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
• Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
• Any change in the fit of partial dentures
There are many factors that increase the risk of developing gum disease including smoking, pregnancy and diabetes. It is important to visit the office of Kathi M. Mansell if you suspect you have gum disease, because the sooner you treat it the better.
Early Stage of Gum Disease – Gingivitis
If you have gingivitis, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.
Advanced Gum Disease – Periodontitis
Causes for oral cancer can fit into two categories, chemical related factors and physical related factors. Most patients assume that mouth related cancers are strictly for patients who smoke or chew tobacco, but this is only one potential risk factor. Oral cancer can develop due to other reasons, the most common reason currently in the US for oral cancer is the HPV, or human papillomavirus.
HPV is a highly common sexually transmitted infection that you can be immunized from. Additionally, genetics will always play a factor in a cause for oral cancers, some patients are just going to be more susceptible to it due to their genetics. Finally, alcohol consumption, especially in binge drinkers, has been found to be a risk factor for mouth related cancers.
Our office is happy to schedule an appointment to discuss oral cancer, it’s symptoms, and it’s hazards with you. Contact Kathi Mansell, DMD, MAGD, PLC at our Scottsdale, AZ 85250 office for more information (480) 757-0007